Skill Development & Employability through Vocational Courses
The rising economy of India needs a continuous supply of skilled manpower. India has a large number of educated people without a job, and on the other, various industries are desperately short of skilled professionals. India’s 62 percent of the population is below 35 years of age and 70 percent of the population will be of working age by 2025. Around 51 percent of the workforce is engaged in Agriculture which adds only 17 percent to India GDP while 22 percent of the total workforce is involved in manufacturing sector which adds to 26 percent of the GDP of India. There is huge skill gap of Industrial demand for skilled labour and available skilled labor force in our country.
Why Skill Training
Vocational training and skill development have not been given due status by the mainstream education system. The transformed demographic profile of the country, with nearly 60 percent of the population under 25 years of age, the growing ambitions of our youth seeking substantial, well-paid jobs, the growing necessities of industry for an efficient, well-trained workforce, have contributed to a focus on skill development.The India Skill Report 2018 apprises us that employability across all educational domains stands at 54.4 percent. This clearly shows skill deficit crippling the nation’s workforce. If India seeks to be a global player, it has to adjust its growth with the need of industry-ready workforce. There is a new accent on upholding vocational training and skill development in partnership with various stakeholders and ministries to rationalize skill development initiatives.Unorganized and unskilled labor like construction workers from village and slum areas in cities with little or no education need special consideration from Government providing them basic skill increasing their employability of the work force, resulting in a deficiency of skilled workers at the countrywide level.
Why train vocational institute’s students?
India has got progress in primary education with 1.5 million schools and 250 million enrolments but it still lacks in higher education with just 20.7 million with only 24.3 percent of total enrolment. Vocational and technical training institutes, Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) are mainly supported by Government and Private Entities.The current available capacity in industrial training is 4.3 million which is 201 percent less than the industrial requirement of 22 million skilled workforces annually. There are a large number of drop outs in education at an average age of 15 years especially female students along with poor literacy fails to provide jobs and industrial requirement. In India, 90 percent of the jobs available are skill based but only two percent of the population between 15-25 years attains formal vocation training in comparison to 80 percent in USA and 60 percent in South Asian countries. India is required to deliver vocational training to at least 300-350 million work force by 2022 which is much lower than the target of 402million workforces by 2022.There is a desperate need to map these skill requirements of the Industry. All India Council for Technical Education has now decided to allow Vocational Programs (Diploma & Under Graduate) to Polytechnics and Engineering colleges. SVIT is also approved by AICTE to run Vocational courses mentioned below. SVIT has applied for few more vocational courses from A.Y. 2019-20 as very good infrastructure and equipment are available with it to run them.
Every individual has the right to aspire to become an asset, not only to the nation, but also to the world and, that too, in all circumstances as a skill of today is prone to become redundant tomorrow. Skills which ensure employability can be an ornament in prosperity, not a refuge in adversity.